Updated from map courtesy of CIA World Factbook – public domain. Travel between Israel and the Palestinian areas is heavily restricted and tightly controlled. 3. Who were the Mau Mau of Kenya? The one-state solution proposes the creation of a fully democratic state of Israel and the integration of all the people within its borders into one country. The PLO has received the bulk of its funding from the European Union. The rest of former Palestine would be included in the Jewish State of Israel. The Jews claimed the rights to 55% of the land that dates back 3000 years and Palestinians claim the rights to the rest of the land. Integration of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank into the Jewish State of Israel is part of this plan; in other words, “Take the walls down and create one state” (Masri, M., 2011). The city of Jerusalem was to remain under the administrative control of the UN as an international city. About 44 percent of the territory was allocated to the Palestinians, who consisted of about 67 percent of the population, which was mainly Arab. Israel is bordered by Lebanon to the north, Syria and Jordan to the east, and Egypt to the south. The Hamas party is the strongest in the region of the Gaza Strip, and the Fatah party is more prominent in the West Bank. To the east of the central range is the fertile Bekaa Valley, which plays a vital role in the country’s agriculture. As of 2010, about 1.5 million Palestinians live in the Gaza Strip and 2.5 million live in the West Bank. Palestine’s Arab neighbors—Syria, Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, Iraq, and Egypt—sided with the Arab Palestinians and declared war on Israel. The US war in Iraq has complicated the situation but has not superseded it. Eventually, the wealth generated by the sale of petroleum reserves, which are finite resources, is projected to diminish, even as the population continues to increase. How has Lebanon attempted to satisfy all the political factions in their government? The region has plenty of interconnected concerns. Only one-third of Beirut’s population remained. The region went through a series of tumultuous transitions before it became the nation of Israel. As of 2010 there were more than two hundred thousand. The new borders divided people of the same background or threw different, often the rival, groups together. These Palestinians became refugees in the Palestinian portion or in neighboring countries. Why was it dissolved? Inflation, poverty, and unemployment are basic issues. Between 1922 and 1947, during British control, most of the population of Palestine was ethnically Arab and followed Islam. Jordan is not without its challenges but has managed to confront each issue yet retain a sense of stability and nationalism. In 2010, Syria had about twenty-two million people. Israel agreed to return the Sinai Peninsula to Egypt; the peninsula was returned in 1982. The state that the UN had set aside for Arab (which was the City of Jerusalem, The Golden Heights, sand Sinai Pennisylia) was gained by Israel in 1948-1949. Figure 8.25 A Street in the West Bank City of Nablus. A civil war between Tamils and other Sri Lankan's is still contained to this day. Overall, Syria’s climate is characterized as an arid type B climate; some regions receive more rain than others. The Arab armies were devastated once again, and Israel gained even more territory. What were the homelands in South Africa? It gave the Palestines the right to self-rule. Israel and Egypt signed the Camp David Accord, an agreement not to go to war again. Putin sent troops to fight Chechnya and to stop them from seceding. The Palestinians who live there strongly oppose the settlements. The country will face serious economic issues in the future. The additional rainfall translates into extensive agricultural production. In the past, of Lebanon was called the “Switzerland of the Middle East” because of its capabilities in banking and finance, which were supported by a relatively stable political climate. To address the Palestine region, UNSCOP recommended that Palestine be divided into an Arab state, a Jewish state, and an international territory that included Jerusalem. Israel was established in 1948. The Gaza Strip is one of the most densely populated regions on Earth, and it is located in a desert. About 75 percent of Israel’s population of 7.3 million people are Jewish, and about 25 percent are Arab. The United Nations Special Committee on Palestine (UNSCOP) was created by the UN in 1947. When Palestine was divided by the UN to create the State of Israel, the region of Jordan received more than a million Palestinian refugees from the West Bank and Israel. Egypt agreed to officially recognize the State of Israel and to not invade Israel again. The war did not end favorably for the Arabs. Victorious in war against their Arab neighbors, Israel acquired the Golan Heights, the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, and the city of Jerusalem. The Jordan River flows from the Sea of Galilee to the Dead Sea. He created the glasnost, he allowed churches to open, and he released prisoners. Palestinians living in the Gaza Strip or the West Bank need to rely on outside support to survive. United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees, “Palestine Refugees,” http://www.unrwa.org/etemplate.php?id=86. 4. The biggest supporter of Israel, the United States, invaded Iraq in 2003, an invasion that raised the concern level of Islamic groups in the Middle East, including the Islamic leaders that control the government of Iran. In what way did Pakistan also undergo a partition? The British Mandate included Palestine and Transjordan, the area east of the Jordan River, which includes the current country of Jordan. Lebanon is smaller than the US state of Connecticut with a population of about four million. After the breakup of the Soviet Union, what problems did Yeltsin face as the president of the Russian Federation? Because oil production has not been increasing, the government has been forced to take on additional national debt. Summarize how the region of Palestine has evolved into the current Jewish State of Israel. Israel took the Sinai Peninsula and the Gaza Strip from Egypt, the Golan Heights from Syria, and the West Bank from Jordan. The petroleum reserves are being depleted, and few new fields are being developed. What land did Israel gaain from the wars against its Arab neighbors? The West Bank and the Gaza Strip are considered Palestinian territory. It took more than a decade, but through the resiliency of the people, Beirut rebounded and continues to recover. King Hussein’s son ‘Abdullah II took power after the king’s death in 1999. East Jerusalem, West Bank, Gaza Strip, Sinai Peninsula, Eastern Bank of the Sea of Galilee, … The Arab Spring protests and demonstrations in Syria have often been compared to those in Libya. Syria is located in an ancient land with a long history of empires and peoples. With support and aid from Britain and the United States, the Jewish State of Israel defeated the attacking Arab armies and took control of a larger portion of the land, including some of the land designated by the UN as a portion of the Arab half. According to the UN in 2010, about one-third of the registered Palestine refugees, more than 1.4 million, live in fifty-eight recognized refugee camps in Jordan, Lebanon, the Syrian Arab Republic, the Gaza Strip, and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem. 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